360 Division Ave. S., Ste. 2A, Grand Rapids, MI 49503
Thursday, January 19 - 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM
Thursdays, January 19, 26 and February 2, 7:00 – 8:45pm Eastern Christians are not Protestants; most of them are not Catholics. Who are they and where do they come from? Jan 18/19: The Ancient Churches of the Middle East Conflict at the early Church Councils, especially Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451). The Coptic Churches of Egypt and Ethiopia. The Armenians. The Nestorians, Assyrians and Chaldeans. The Maronites. The St Thomas Christians of India. Jan 25/26: How Catholics and Orthodox got Separated The many centuries when being Orthodox and Catholic was the same. Cultural differences between western Latin and eastern Greek Christians. The five patriarchs. Rise of the papacy; Caesaro-Papism at Constantinople. Temporary separations and reconciliations. Iconoclasm. The formal separation of 1054. Feb 1/2: Orthodoxy since the Separation Decline of the Byzantine Empire. Conversion of the Balkan Slavs. Rise of the Russian Empire. The Orthodox Church under the Ottoman Turks. Uniate movements in the Ukraine and the Middle East; The Melkites. The Soviet empire and its aftermath.